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Tuesday, March 27, 2012

Relationship of Alcoholism with Dental implant success rate.

Dental implant is one of the Procedure many dentists are doing and rest are planning to do.Dental implants are frequently the best treatment option for replacing missing teeth? but for the beginners its important  to notice that job is not done until the Osseointegration is completed.Numerous studies have been done on animals to confirm the problems that excessive drinking can cause.The studies referenced here have to do with long-term effects on dental implants.  Alcohol effects the bone repair around dental titanium implants. The AAOMS, American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, confirms that dental implants are composed of titanium metal that "fuses" with the jawbone through a process called "osseointegration."

According to studies done on rats at the Laboratory of Experimental Surgery, Research Institute Codivilla-Putti, in Bologna, ItalyAlcohol abuse affects bone repair and decreases the ability to form bone around standard titanium
A study at the Oral Surgery Department, School of Dentistry, Cartuja University Campus, University of Granada, Granada, Spain says that -Results indicate that daily alcohol consumption and tobacco use may have a negative influence on predictable long-term implant treatment outcomes, producing peri-implant bone loss and compromising restorative treatment with implant-supported prostheses

alcohol and implant
There is a good news - Alcoholism may effect the implant integration but it does not have any relation with the cancer development around the implant.According to JADA, Journal of the American Dental Association, the development of squamous cell carcinoma around dental implants, either endosseous or transosseous, is an uncommon pathological manifestation with only a few cases described in the literature.  Usually, these cases are associated with a history of oral cancer or smoking.
So next time when you place implant don't forget to take history about alcoholism and inform your patient its effects in the success of the treatment.

Image credit & [References] American association of oral and Maxillofacial surgeons Dental health topics ,Journal of American Dental association ,Uk Pubmed Central

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